Reading Charles I Plossers Understanding True Business Cycles

Decide on whether you want a brick-and-mortar or an online business. An example of a brick-and-mortar business is a bakery. Such a business model requires capital expenditures including renting a suitable location to attract customers and provide space for employees. In contrast, you can operate a full-scale business from home. Technological advances are happening at a rate faster than our ability to understand them, and in a world that moves faster than we can imagine, we cannot afford to stand still. These advances bring efficiency and abundance – and they are profoundly deflationary. Our economic systems were built for a pre-technology era when labor and capital were inextricably linked – an era that counted on growth and inflation and an era where we made money from inefficiency.

Barro made the argument however that the observed correlation could be pointing to a reverse causation between money and output. This argument was used as evidence for the endogeneity of money and RBC models were developed that endogenised money. Technology is Cobb Douglas in most RBC models, which implies that labors share of income is constant over the cycle. Garry Hansen employs a constraint to generate unemployment in the model, which forces workers to work for a specified amount of time or not at all to. In this case the marginal utility from leisure is fixed and the marginal benefit from working cannot be brought into equality every period. Agents will work as much as possible in times of higher wages (non-convexity in labor supply).

This generates a rise in the variability of hours worked. Critics mention that there is no empirical evidence for high variability in employment. John Kennan however argues that life cycle models, which are used to estimate wage elasticity of labor, are not fit to capture responses to temporary wage changes within periods of less than a 12 months. And that if short term responses to wage changes were to be measured a higher employment variability could be observed. Employment empirically correlates highly with output and is strongly procyclical, however wages are only slightly procyclical. Shocks that are caused by changes in productivity alter the marginal product of labor, which results in a shift in labor demand.

While doing fundamental analysis such as examining market data is crucial, primary research such as taste testing, offering samples and taking surveys allows you to gauge market interest in your product or service. Gather enough information on the kind of business you want to start. Spend the time doing research on the size of the market, target consumer and competition. You do not want to enter a market that has a high barrier to entry or is saturated with competitors. Ideally, you want to establish a niche for your business. Decide on a business model and marketing strategy for the business. Issues to consider include whether you want to adopt a low-cost, high volume strategy, a high-cost, low volume strategy or a combination of the two.

I’ve been on Growth Lab for a while and really enjoy their informative and educative blog posts. Focusing on these mere mortals rather that “the celebrities” is quite helpful for newbies like some of us. I hope Katie will one day come up with a sequel featuring the best or most affordable technology providers in the areas of marketing automation, SEO, blog design and similar functions. I’ve been playing around with a few ideas for some time, but I keep coming back to this one particle idea all the time (i. e. business coaching). You may want the IRS to postpone making a determination on whether your activity is for-profit or not-for-profit, by making an election, to give you a longer time to make a profit. The IRS presumes an activity to be a business if it has a profit in at least three of the last five years. The business must be substantially the same during that time.

The IRS can review your business situation and make a determination on whether it’s for-profit or not-for-profit. As you might expect, the IRS distinguishes between legitimate businesses and hobby activities, for the purpose of taxes. If you are legitimately in business, you can deduct the expenses of that business and possibly take a loss if your business isn’t profitable. If you are not in business to make a profit, the IRS considers your activity as not-for-profit for sport or recreation, and it says you cannot deduct expenses to get a loss to offset other income. Research by Friedman and Schwartz had supported the accepted stylized fact that money and output exhibit strong evidence of causality running from money to output.

Real Business

While the world is transfixed by bitcoin mania, your competitors are tuning out the noise and making strategic bets on blockchain. Your rivals are effortlessly tracking every last link in their supply chains. They’re making bureaucratic paper trails obsolete while keeping their customers’ data safer and discovering new ways to use this next foundational technology to sustain their competitive advantage. They reveal the disruption it promises for industries including finance, tech, legal, and shipping.

When a pseudonymous programmer introduced “a new electronic cash system that’s fully peer-to-peer, with no trusted third party” to a small Online mailing list in 2008, very few paid attention. Ten years later, and against all odds, this upstart autonomous decentralized software offers an unstoppable and globally-accessible hard money alternative to modern central banks. The Bitcoin Standard analyzes the historical context to the rise of Bitcoin, the economic properties that have allowed it to grow quickly, and its likely economic, political, and social implications. You can say goodbye to today’s Internet, New York Times best-selling author George Gilder says. Soon the current model of aggregated free content populated with “value-subtracted” advertising will die a natural deat.

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